Burma, a historical name for the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, also known simply by another historical name, Myanmar, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia bordered by China, Thailand, India, Laos and Bangladesh.
Myanmar has three seasons; the monsoon or rainy season is from May to October; the cool season from November to February and the hot season from March to May.The best time to visit Myanmar is from November to February, when the days are typically dry and relatively cool
Myanmar is a union of over 135 national races with their own languages and dialects, The major races are Bamar, Chin, Kachin, Shan, Kayah, Kayin, Mon and Rakhine. Myanmar embraces all the national races. The population of Myanmar is 56 million with the Bamar.
Buddhism is the predominant religion of Myanmar and Theravada Buddhism is embraced by about 80% of the population. The main religions of the country are Buddhism (89.2%), Christianity (5.0%), Islam (3.8%), Hinduism (0.5%), Spiritualism (1.2%) and others (0.2%).
Myanmar's official language is Burmese, the language of the Burma majority. Speakers of Burmese Myanmar language and related dialects comprise nearly 85% of the population. Majority of Myanmars speak Myanmar language. English is widely understood in big cities.
The kyat is the currency of Myanmar. The currency code for Kyats is MMK and the currency symbol is K divided into the following banknotes: K1, K5, K10, K20, K50, K100, K200, K500, K1000, K5000 and K10000.
Electricity is 220 ~ 240 Volts in the most areas. Most hotels have their own generator.
Internet is now widely and cheaply available in Yangon, Mandalay, Bagan and some tourist sites. Currently, Wi-Fi is available in most hotels.
Myanmar Government's Post and Other Telecommunication had allowed international roaming arrangements. If your own mobile telephone can detect the MPT, Telenor and Ooredoo network, then you may be able to buy one SIM card 1500 MMK and customer need to fill with bill 1000, 3000, 5000 and 10000 (MMK). The international telephone code for Myanmar is +95.
International credit cards, Master cards and visa card are acceptable now in Myanmar. But customer need to pay service charges.
Myanmar Standard Time (MST) is six hours and thirty minutes ahead of the Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
Airport tax is US$ 10 per person on international departure.
International credit cards and traveler cheques are not widely used. Master card is not accepted in Myanmar.
Insurance is highly recommended before arrival to Myanmar.
The main of Myanmar cuisine are rice, main course curry dishes and fresh vegetables. Chinese, Indian, Thai, Japanese, Western and European foods are available in the most tourist restaurants.
EVT (Entry Visa for Tourist) with valid passport is necessary. EVT visa valid 28 days and it can be extendable and can be obtained at any Myanmar Embassy abroad. There are two kinds of tourist visa available. Package Tour visa can be applied to Myanmar Embassy or Consulate abroad with a tour confirmation letter from an authorized tour operator company in Yangon. FIT visa can be issued without any tour confirmation letter. Visa on Arrival can be arranged prior to your arrival by your travel agent for those countries where Myanmar Embassy or Consulate does not exist.At this time, for your visa information and to do visa, customer need to see www.evisa.moip.gov.mm . Customer can apply for visa at this website.